A new research study on the curvilinear relationship between charismatic personality and leader effectiveness authored by Jasmine Vergauwe, Bart Wille, Joeri Hofmans, Rob Kaiser, and Filip De Fruyt.
Throughout the study, the HDS scales of Bold, Mischievous, Colorful, and Imaginative were referenced as they pertain to four features of a charismatic personality:
- Self-confidence (Bold)
- Captivating (Colorful)
- Pushing limits (Mischievous)
- Visionary (Imaginative)
Overall, this study reinforces what Hogan have been saying for years—charisma and confidence may help leaders emerge, but that by no means translates to effectiveness. It also shows that there are downsides to very high and very low scores.
The double-edged sword of leader charisma: Understanding the curvilinear relationship between charismatic personality and leader effectiveness